Understanding APM on the Network

In Part 6, we dove into the Nagle algorithm – perhaps (or hopefully) something you’ll never see. In Part VII, we get back to “pure” network and TCP roots as we examine how the TCP receive window interacts with WAN links.
Each node participating in a TCP connection advertises its available buffer space using the TCP window size field. This value identifies the maximum amount of data a sender can transmit without receiving a window update via a TCP acknowledgement; in other words, this is the maximum number of “bytes in flight” – bytes that have been sent, are traversing the network, but remain unacknowledged. Once the sender has reached this limit and exhausted the receive window, the sender must stop and wait for a window update.

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